MORPHOLOGY: a term first used by the Sanskrit grammarians to refer to a
particular type of compound, viz. compounds that lack a phonologically visible head,
and which predominantly refer to pejorative properties of human beings.
EXAMPLE: in regular compounds such as bloedneus 'bloody nose' the
word neus functions as the head, and bloed as the modifier which
attributes a property to the head neus, viz. that it is bleeding. Bahuvrihi
compounds like wijsneus 'wise guy' (lit. 'wise nose') or roodhuid
'redskin' (='Native American') are crucially different in this respect. A
wijsneus is not a nose that is wise. To distinguish between both types of
compounds, the term endocentric compound
is used for compounds such as bloedneus, while the term bahuvrihi compound
or exocentric compound is used for compounds such as wijsneus.
|LIT.||Kiparsky, P. (1982)|
Spencer, A. (1991)