SYNTAX: maximal projection of COMP (C0). CP is in part an reconstruction in X-bar theory of the category S' (or S-bar). Thus the (anomalous) structure generated in (i) (see Chomsky 1981) is replaced by the X-bar structure generated in (ii) (see Chomsky 1986b).
(i) S' -> COMP S (ii) a CP -> spec,CP C' b C' -> C IPUnder (i) COMP contains both wh-phrases and the complementizer; under (ii) C is the complementizer position, and spec,CP the position of the wh-phrases.
|LIT.||Chomsky, N. (1986b)|
Chomsky, N. (1986a)