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Causative verb

GENERAL: Verb with an argument that expresses the cause of the action described by the verb. EXAMPLE: in (i)-(iii) let, make, and cause are causative verbs; John refers to the cause of Bill's eating grass.

(i)   John let Bill eat grass
(ii)  John made Bill eat grass
(iii) John caused Bill to eat grass
A certain class of verbs alternate between a causative reading and an inchoative reading. Examples are break, drown and De-adjectival verbs formed with the suffix -en in (iv) - (vii).
(iv)  The vase broke		John broke the vase
(v)   The lady drowned		Our tenant drowned a lady
(vi)  The canal widened		They widened the canal
(vii) The tomatoes reddened	The sun reddened the

LIT. Borer, H. (1990)
Grimshaw, J. (1990)
Jackendoff, R. (1990)