SYNTAX: a Cleft construction can be derived from a non-cleft construction by introducing one of its elements, say X, in a clause having the form It be X, and by turning the rest into a relative clause. Two cleft versions of (i) are given in (ii):
(i) We saw John (ii) a It was John [who we saw e] b It was John [that we saw e]See also pseudo-cleft.
|LIT.||Smits, R.J.C. (1989)|