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Exceptional Case Marking

SYNTAX: non-canonical structural case assignment to an embedded subject by a certain class of verbs, such as believe, which have the (exceptional) capacity to govern the embedded subject position of their infinitival complement. EXAMPLE: the Case-marking of the subject Bill by believe is a case of ECM.

(i) John believes [Bill to have won]
The fact that the complement clause is transparent for government is exceptional, and has been accounted for in terms of CP-reduction (S-bar-deletion). As a result the complement does not constitute a barrier to government.
LIT. Chomsky, N. (1986a)
Chomsky, N. (1981)