MORPHOLOGY: a term used to express to fact that nouns and
determiners can belong to different morphological classes
(Phi-features). In many
languages nouns fall into three groups: masculine, feminine, and neuter
nouns, each group being inflected differently.
EXAMPLE: in Russian all nouns belong to one of three groups.
If a noun ends in a non-palatalized consonant in its basic form it is
masculine (e.g. stol 'table'), if it ends in -a it is
feminine (e.g. lampa 'lamp'), and if it ends in -o it
is neuter (e.g. okno 'window'). Some languages only distinguish
EXAMPLE: Dutch only differentiates between neuters and non-neuters;
non-neuters take the definite article de (de man 'the
man'), while neuters take the definite article het (het
kind 'the child').