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Improper movement

SYNTAX: illicit movement from an A-bar-position to an A-position, as in (i):

(i) * [IP Johni seems [CP t'i [IP ti knows it all]]]
The intermediate trace, t'i, being a variable since it occupies an A-bar position, violates principle C of the Binding Theory, because it is A-bound by John.
LIT. Chomsky, N. (1986b)
Haegeman, L. (1991)