SEMANTICS: a device used in logical semantics to stipulate semantic relations between lexical items. Meaning postulates were introduced in Carnap (1947) in order to account for the fact that a sentence like (i) is an analytic truth, true in every model. The meaning postulate in (ii) captures this analyticity:
(i) Bachelors are unmarried (ii) For all x, if x is a bachelor, then x is unmarriedMeaning postulates can be seen as an alternative for decomposition of word meaning (see Componential analysis). They are extensively used in Montague Grammar.
|LIT.||Gamut, L.T.F. (1991)|