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Null affixation

MORPHOLOGY: a process by which new words are formed by adding an affix which happens to be phonologically null. Many linguists (e.g. Bloomfield (1933), Kiparsky (1982)) account for conversion by assuming that a null affix is added to a base. EXAMPLE: they account for verbs such as to clean, to thin, to slow, to warm etc. by assuming that these have the structure [[...]A 0]V.
LIT. Bloomfield (1933)
Kiparsky, P. (1982)