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GENERAL: Element, often a preposition, which combines with an existing verb to form what looks like a complex verb. Verb-particle combinations are quite common in German, Dutch, Polish. EXAMPLE: the Dutch particle uit, which is also a preposition, combines with the verb lachen in (i).

(i)  Ik hoorde dat Jan zijn moeder uitlachte
     I heard that Jan his mother out-laughed
     'I heard that Jan laughed at his mother'
Although the particle uit seems to be a morphological part of the verb in (i), it is not in (ii).
(ii) Jan lachte zijn moeder uit
In this example the verb lachte is preposed under Verb Second, and the particle uit is left behind.
LIT. Haegeman, L. (1991)
Kipka, P. (1990)
Koster, J. (1975)