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Preposition stranding

SYNTAX: a preposition is stranded if it doesn't move along with its complement. EXAMPLE: in (i)a the preposition with is stranded.

(i) a Who did you speak with?
    b With who did you speak?
The example in (i)b shows the case where the preposition moves along with the wh-word (see Pied piping). Preposition-stranding is restricted: it cannot be applied to all prepositions, and it is impossible in at least French and Italian.
LIT. Haegeman, L. (1991)
Kayne, R. (1984)