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SYNTAX: cover term for specific kind of word order variation. In the tudy of Germanic SOV-languages the term is used to refer to word order variation of argument NPs with respect to each other and/or with respect to adverbial phrases. EXAMPLE: in German an object may follow or precede an adverb (object and adverb may be scrambled):

(i)    a  Er hat ihr vielleicht dieses Buch gegeben
	  he has her maybe      this   book given
       b  Er hat ihr dieses Buch vielleicht gegeben
Two objects may be scrambled as well:
(ii)	  Er hat dieses Buch vielleicht ihr gegeben
And sometimes an object - den Max in (iii) - may even scramble over the subject, as in (iii)b:
(iii)  a  ... dass jeder den Max kennt
	      that everyone (the) Max knows
       b  ... dass den Max jeder kennt
It seems that definiteness is a factor interfering with scrambling. Nonspecific indefinite NPs cannot be scrambled and neither can particles or small clause predicates. One point of controversy is whether scrambling is a case of movement (of NP) and if so whether it is A-bar movement or not.
LIT. Grewendorf , G & W. Sternefeld (eds.) (1990)
Neeleman, A. (1994)
Ross, J.R. (1967)
Webelhuth, G. (1989)
Webelhuth, G. & H. Den Besten (1987)