SYNTAX: subject-predicate construction without a finite verb. EXAMPLE: the PP in (i) and the NP in (ii) are analyzed as small clauses with him the subject.
(i) I want [PP him out of my sight] (ii) They consider [NP him a fine teacher]In general a small clause is an XP with a subject, where X = N, A, V or P. It is a point of debate whether the subject is in the specifier position of XP, or adjoined to XP at D-structure.
|LIT.||Hoekstra, T. & R. Mulder (1990)|
Stowell, T. (1983)