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Subject Raising

SYNTAX: movement of the subject of a sentential complement to the subject position of the matrix clause. EXAMPLE: in (i) John, the subject of to have won has moved to the subject position of seems.

(i)  Johni seems [ ti to have won ]
Subject Raising is triggered by Subject Raising verbs (e.g. to seem), which have as a characteristic property that they do not assign an external theta-role, and select a sentential complement with a case-less subject position. Subject Raising also occurs with passivized ECM verbs, as in (ii).
(ii) Johni is considered [ ti to have won ]

LIT. Chomsky, N. (1981)