PHONETICS: System of speech synthesis which transforms written text into speech. A number of components can be
distinguished: such as the linguistic component, the prosodic component, and the phonetic component.
Several analyses are involved in the linguistic component: e.g. syntactic analysis of sentences, and morphological
decomposition (in order to split the word up in morphemes and to predict lexical stress). Then there is the phonetic component which takes care of the prosody (i.e. sentence accent, temporal organisation, intonation contour), the grapheme-phoneme conversion, and assimilation and coarticulation rules.
Introduction to Text-to-Speech Click 'Short introduction to TTS synthesis'