SYNTAX: originally a movement rule that moves CPs and PPs to the right periphery of the sentence. EXAMPLE: in (ii) the relative clause which I like is extracted from the subject NP and moved to the right. PPs can be extraposed as well: in (iv) the PP about the Sovjet Union is extraposed.
(i) [NP Many paintings of young artists [CP which I like]] are on sale (ii) [NP Many paintings of young artists t] are on sale [CP which I like] (iii) [NP Many books [PP about the Sovjet Union]] will appear soon (iv) [NP Many books t ] will appear soon [PP about the Sovjet Union]In general, extraposition is optional and clause bound. In Dutch, complement clauses undergo extraposition obligatorily, as shown by the contrast between (v) and (vi).
(v) * Kees heeft [CP de prijs aan te nemen] geweigerd Kees has the prize prt to accept refused' (vi) Kees heeft t geweigerd [CP de prijs aan te nemen] Kees has refused the prize prt to accept 'Kees has refused to accept the prize'Finite complement clauses have to be extraposed as well:
(vii) Kees heeft t besloten [CP dat hij de prijs zal weigeren] 'Kees has decided that he the prize will refuse'Often the term 'extraposition' merely refers to the state of being in a right peripheral position.
|LIT.||Chomsky, N. (1981)|
Evers, A. (1975)
Ross, J.R. (1967)
Rutten, J. (1991)