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SYNTAX: subject-predicate relation. In syntax this relation is sometimes defined as a coindexing relation between a predicate and a c-commanding subject, not only in the case of an NP-VP relation, but also in cases such as (i) where singing is predicated of John.

(i) Johni left singingi
The relation in (i) is sometimes called 'secondary predication', as opposed to NP-VP predication.
LIT. Williams, E. (1980)